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Health problems among street children seeking care in the Center for Social and Preventive Medicine in Egypt 
 
Health problems among street children seeking care in the Center for Social and Preventive Medicine in Egypt
  Hoda Ibrahim Rizk, Nihal Mohamed El Rifai, Hana Mohamed Aboulghar
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 530 Times
 
Background: In Egypt, around 1 million children are on the streets. Street children's health is an issue that is not well researched. The objective of the current study was to determine the health problems of a targeted group of street children seeking medical care and to generate a hypothesis about the positive/negative role of street children care organizations.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on 2169 street children who sought medical care at El-Basma clinic at the Center for Social and Preventive Medicine in Cairo University Children Hospital from January 2011 to July 2014.
Results: Respiratory illnesses and skin problems were the most prevalent conditions, affecting 485 (22.4%) and 359 (16.6%) of the patients, respectively. Psychological issues and trauma were significantly higher among the adolescent group. Respiratory and gastrointestinal problems were significantly higher among children aged less than 2 years. Genital and cardiac problems were significantly higher among those referred from organizations whereas trauma was significantly higher among those coming directly from the streets. A significant proportion of children at the extremes of the studied age spectrum were coming directly from the streets. Sexually transmitted infections were rare problems.
Conclusions: Respiratory and skin diseases were the major morbidity problems among street children, especially adolescent males. Organizations afforded opportunities for access to different health care services.
 
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World Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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