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Different cutoff values of methacholine bronchial provocation test depending on age in children with asthma 
 
Different cutoff values of methacholine bronchial provocation test depending on age in children with asthma
  Eun Lee, Young-Ho Kim, Seungbong Han, Song-I Yang, Young-Ho Jung, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyo-Bin Kim, So Yeon Lee, Ji-Won Kwon, Soo-Jong Hong
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 325 Times
 
Background: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a fundamental pathophysiological characteristic of asthma. Although several factors such as airway caliber can affect BHR, no study has established age-dependent cutoff values of BHR to methacholine for the diagnosis of asthma in children. We investigated the cutoff values of the methacholine challenge test (MCT) in the diagnosis of asthma according to age.
Methods: A total of 2383 individuals aged from 6 to 15 years old were included in this study. MCTs using the five-breath technique were performed in 350 children with suspected asthma based on symptoms by pediatric allergists and in 2033 healthy children from a general population-based cohort. We determined the provocative concentration of methacholine producing a 20% decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second from baseline (PC20). A modified Korean version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was used to distinguish asthmatics and healthy subjects. Receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis was used to assess the cutoff value of PC20 for the diagnosis of asthma.
Results: Cutoff values of methacholine PC20, which provided the best combination of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, showed an increasing pattern with age: 5.8, 9.1, 11.8, 12.6, 14.9, 21.7, 23.3, 21.1, 21.1, and 24.6 mg/mL at ages 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 years, respectively.
Conclusion: The application of different cutoff values of methacholine PC20 depending on age might be a practical modification for the diagnosis of asthma in children and adolescents with asthmatic symptoms.
 
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