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Chinese clinical practice guidelines for acute infectious diarrhea in children 
Chinese clinical practice guidelines for acute infectious diarrhea in children
  Jie Chen, Chao-Min Wan, Si-Tang Gong, Feng Fang, Mei Sun, Yuan Qian, Ying Huang, Bao-Xi Wang, Chun-Di Xu, Li-Yan Ye, Mei Dong, Yu Jin, Zhi-Hua Huang, Qin-Bing Wu, Chao-Min Zhu, You-Hong Fang, Qi-Rong Zhu, Yong-Sui Dong
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 1825 Times
Background: The guidelines addressed the evidence-based indications for the management of children with acute infectious diarrhea in Chinese pediatric population.
Data sources: The experts group of evidence development put forward clinical problems, collects evidence, forms preliminary recommendations, and then uses open-ended discussions to form recommendations. The literature review was done for developing this guideline in databases including PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, China Biomedical Database, and Chinese Journal Full-text Database up to June 2013. Search the topic ¡°acute diarrhea¡± or ¡°enteritis¡± and ¡°adolescent¡± or ¡°child¡± or ¡°Pediatric patient¡± or ¡°Baby¡± or ¡°Infant¡±.
Results: For the treatment of mild, moderate dehydration, hypotonic oral rehydration solutions (ORS) are strongly recommended. Intravenous (IV) rehydration is recommended for severe dehydration, with a mixture of alkali-containing dextrose sodium solution. Nasogastric feeding tube rehydration is used for children with severe dehydration without IV infusion conditions with ORS solution. Regular feeding should resume as soon as possible after oral rehydration or IV rehydration. The lactose-free diet can shorten the diarrhea duration. Zinc supplements are recommended in children with acute infectious diarrhea. Saccharomyces boulardii and Lactobacillus Rhamnus are recommended to be used in acute watery diarrhea. Saccharomyces boulardii is recommended in children with antibiotic-associated diarrhea as well. Montmorillonite and Racecadotril (acetorphan) can improve the symptoms of diarrhea or shorten the course of acute watery diarrhea. Antibiotics are recommended with dysenteric-like diarrhea, suspected cholera with severe dehydration, immunodeficiency, and premature delivery children with chronic underlying disease; otherwise, antibiotics are not recommended.
Conclusion: The principles of the most controversial treatments with of acute infectious disease are reaching to a consensus in China.
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