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Effect of early feeding practices and eating behaviors on body composition in primary school children 
Effect of early feeding practices and eating behaviors on body composition in primary school children
  Omneya Magdy Omar, Mohamed Naguib Massoud, Afaf Gaber Ibrahim, Nada Atef Khalaf
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 865 Times
Background: Understanding children¡¯s feeding practices and eating behaviors is important to determine etiology of childhood obesity. This study aimed to explore the relationship between early feeding practices, eating behavior and body composition among primary school children.
Methods: The data were collected from 403 primary school children. They were administered structured questionnaire, including sociodemographic characteristics, early feeding practices and Child¡¯s Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Anthropometric and blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed.
Results: Children with obesity and overweight showed higher food approach subscales and lower food avoidance subscales compared to a healthy and underweight child. Children who were exclusively or predominantly breast fed during the first 6 months had the lowest scores for the food approach subscales, food responsiveness (FR) and emotional overeating (EOE) and had the highest scores for the food avoidance subscales, satiety responsiveness (SR) and emotional under eating (EUE). Children who were introduced solid food after 6 months showed lower scores for FR, enjoyment of food and EOE but scored highest for SR, slowness in eating (SE) and EUE. All anthropometric measurements were positively correlated with all food approach subscales and negatively with SE, SR and food fussiness. All food approach subscales were positively correlated with BP percentiles. All food avoidance subscales were negatively correlated with both BP percentiles, except for EUE, which was negatively correlated with diastolic BP percentile only. Age, SR, SE and FR were predictors for child body mass index.
Conclusion: Early feeding practices and eating behavior are considered as prevention approaches for obesity.
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