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Psychiatric comorbidities in children and adolescents with chronic urticaria 
Psychiatric comorbidities in children and adolescents with chronic urticaria
  George N. Konstantinou, Gerasimos N. Konstantinou
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 1049 Times
Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) has been shown to impact patients¡¯ quality of life negatively and may coexist with psychiatric disorders. We systematically reviewed the published evidence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents with CU.
Methods: A systematic review of studies published until February 2022 in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus was performed. An a priori set of inclusion criteria was predefined for the studies to be included: (1) clear distinction between urticaria and other allergies; (2) precise distinction between acute and CU; (3) participants younger than 18 years old, exclusively; (4) use of appropriate standardized questionnaires, psychometric tools, and standard diagnostic nomenclature for the mental health and behavioral disorders diagnosis; and (5) manuscripts written or published in the English language.
Results: Our search identified 582 potentially relevant papers. Only eight of them satisfied the inclusion criteria. Quantitative meta-analysis was not deemed appropriate, given the lack of relevant randomized control trials, the small number of relevant shortlisted, the small sample size of the patients included in each study, and the remarkable heterogeneity of the studies¡¯ protocols.
Conclusions: The included studies suggest an increased incidence of psychopathology among children and adolescents with CU as opposed to healthy age-matched individuals, but the data are scarce. Further research is required to clarify whether psychopathology is just a comorbid entity, the cause, or the consequence of CU. Meanwhile an interdisciplinary collaboration between allergists/dermatologists and psychiatrists is expected to substantially minimize CU burden and improve patients¡¯ quality of life.
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