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Unique mutation spectrum of progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia in the Chinese population: a retrospective genotype每phenotype analysis of 105 patients 
 
Unique mutation spectrum of progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia in the Chinese population: a retrospective genotype每phenotype analysis of 105 patients
  Wei Wang, Si-Hao Gao, Min Wei, Lin-Qing Zhong, Wei Liu, Shan Jian, Juan Xiao, Cai-Hui Zhang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Xiao-Feng Zeng, Wei-Bo Xia, Zheng-Qing Qiu, Hong-Mei Song
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 1099 Times
 
Background: Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPRD) is a rare genetic disease with autosomal recessive inheritance. There was a lack of genotype每phenotype correlation data from the Chinese population. This study aimed to identify the genotype and phenotype characteristics of Chinese PPRD patients and to conduct a genotype每phenotype analysis of Chinese PPRD patients.
Methods: Genetic analysis was performed for suspected PPRD patients from Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Medical records were collected from the electronic medical record system and patient-held portable health records. Published Chinese PPRD cases were gathered from both international and Chinese local databases. We collected demographic information, genetic variants, clinical manifestations, and imaging characteristics for further analysis.
Results: We included 105 Chinese PPRD patients in the current study. Thirty-three variants, including nine novels and five hotspot variants, were identified, with 26/33 (79%) variants exclusively seen in the Chinese population. Chinese PPRD patients share a phenotype similar to that in international reports. Joint involvement may progress with age (R2 = 0.2541). Long bone shortening and severe deformities occur in three patients with biallelic null variants, of which at least one variant is located in exon 2. Among hotspot variants, c.624dupA (p.C209Mfs*21) were associated with later onset and more involved joints. Elbow joints were more likely to be affected in patients carrying c.624dupA (p.C209Mfs*21) and c.866dupA (p.S209Efs*13). Shoulder joints are more likely to be involved in patients with biallelic null variants (P = 0.027).
Conclusions: Chinese PPRD patients share a unique mutation spectrum. Among the five hotspot variants, c.624dupA is associated with later onset of disease, more extensive joint involvement, and a tendency to affect elbow joints. Biallelic null variants with at least one variant in exon 2 could be a likely cause of long bone shortening and severe deformities.
 
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World Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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