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Poly-hydroxylated bile acids and their prognostic roles in Alagille syndrome 
 
Poly-hydroxylated bile acids and their prognostic roles in Alagille syndrome
  Meng-Xuan Wang, Jun Han, Teng Liu, Ren-Xue Wang, Li-Ting Li, Zhong-Die Li, Jun-Cong Yang, Lang-Li Liu, Yi Lu, Xin-Bao Xie, Jing-Yu Gong, Shi-Yu Li, Lei Zhang, Victor Ling, Jian-She Wang
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Background: The liver manifestations of Alagille syndrome (ALGS) are highly variable, and factors affecting its prognosis are poorly understood. We asked whether the composition of bile acids in ALGS patients with good clinical outcomes differs from that in patients with poor outcomes and whether bile acids could be used as prognostic biomarkers.
Methods: Blood for bile acid profiling was collected from genetically confirmed JAG1-associated ALGS patients before one year of age. A good prognosis was defined as survival with native liver and total bilirubin (TB) < 85.5 mol/L, while a poor prognosis was defined as either liver transplantation, death from liver failure, or TB 85.5 mol/L at the last follow-up.
Results: We found that the concentrations of two poly-hydroxylated bile acids, tauro-2,3,7,12-tetrahydroxylated bile acid (THBA) and glyco-hyocholic acid (GHCA), were significantly increased in patients with good prognosis compared to those with poor prognosis [area under curve (AUC) = 0.836 and 0.782, respectively] in the discovery cohort. The same trend was also observed in the molar ratios of GHCA to glyco-chenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA) and tetrahydroxylated bile acid (THCA) to tauro-chenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA) (both AUC = 0.836). A validation cohort confirmed these findings. Notably, tauro-2,3,7,12-THBA achieved the highest prediction accuracy of 88.00% (92.31% sensitivity and 83.33% specificity); GHCA at > 607.69 nmol/L was associated with native liver survival [hazard ratio: 13.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): (2.662C63.753), P = 0.002].
Conclusions: We identified two poly-hydroxylated bile acids as liver prognostic biomarkers of ALGS patients. Enhanced hydroxylation of bile acids may result in better clinical outcomes.
 
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World Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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