Quick Search
  Home Journal Information Current Issue Past Issues Services Contact Us  
Articles
Validity of venous blood gas analysis for diagnosis of acid-base imbalance in children admitted to pediatric intensive care unit 
 
Validity of venous blood gas analysis for diagnosis of acid-base imbalance in children admitted to pediatric intensive care unit
  Nemat Bilan, Afshin G. Behbahan, A. J. Khosroshahi
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 18542 Times
   

Tabriz, Iran

Author Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Tabriz Children's Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, I. R. Iran (Bilan N, Behbahan AG, Khosroshahi AJ)

Corresponding Author: Nemat Bilan, MD, Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Tabriz Children's Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, I. R. Iran (Tel/Fax: +98-411-5262280; Email: bilan@tbzmed.ac.ir)

Background: Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is the major tool for proper diagnosis and treatment of acid-base imbalance, but the invasive nature of arterial puncture and its possible hazards such as arterial spasm have resulted in a worldwide trend toward less-invasive diagnostic methods including venous blood gas (VBG) analysis. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of VBG and its clinical agreement with ABG in the 10 most common diseases in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to answer how far it can replace the ABG test. 

Methods: In a cross-sectional analytical study from September 2004 to September 2005, 200 patients in 10 disease categories received blood gas analysis. Results of blood-gas tests such as pH, PCO2 and HCO3 of both arterial and venous blood samples (simultaneously taken from each patient) were recorded and compared by statistical analysis (kappa statistics) to determine their validity and clinical agreement.

Results: In some diseases such as respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal sepsis, renal failure, pneumonia, diabetic ketoacidosis and status epilepticus, VBG analysis showed a good validity (high sensitivity and specificity) accompanied by a suitable clinical agreement (over 40%), but in other diseases such as neonatal seizure, shock, congestive heart failure and congenital heart disease, there was either an inappropriately low validity or a weak clinical agreement (under 20%).

Conclusions: VBG can be used instead of ABG in some diseases such as respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal sepsis, renal failure, pneumonia, diabetic ketoacidosis and status epilepticus, but in other diseases such as neonatal seizure, shock, congestive heart failure and congenital heart diseases, ABG is preferable and must not be replaced by VBG. These results may be used for the formulation of future guidelines for PICU.

Key words: acid-base imbalance; arterial blood gas; intensive care unit; pediatric intensive care unit; venous blood gas

                  World J Pediatr 2008;4(2):114-117

 
  [Articles Comment]

  title Author The End Revert Time Revert / Count

  Username:
  Comment Title: 
 
   

 

     
 
     
World Journal of Pediatric Surgery

roger vivier bags 美女 美女

Home  |  Journal Information  |  Current Issue  |  Past Issues  |  Journal Information  |  Contact Us
Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China
Copyright 2007  www.wjpch.com  All Rights Reserved Designed by eb