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Haplotype analysis of CLDN19 single nucleotide polymorphisms in Spanish patients with familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis 
 
Haplotype analysis of CLDN19 single nucleotide polymorphisms in Spanish patients with familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis
  Ernesto Martin-Nuñez, Elizabeth Cordoba-Lanus, Hilaria Gonzalez-Acosta, Aniana Oliet, Elvira Izquierdo, Felix Claverie-Martin
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  Haplotype analysis of CLDN19 single nucleotide polymorphisms in Spanish patients with familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis

Ernesto Martin-Nuñez, Elizabeth Cordoba-Lanus, Hilaria Gonzalez-Acosta, Aniana Oliet, Elvira Izquierdo, Felix Claverie-Martin

Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Author Affiliations: Unidad de Investigacion, Hospital Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain (Martin-Nuñez E, Cordoba-Lanus E, Gonzalez-Acosta H, Claverie-Martin F); Servicio de Nefrologia, Hospital Severo Ochoa, Madrid, Spain (Oliet A); Nefrologia Infantil, Hospital General Gregorio Marañon, Madrid, Spain (Izquierdo E)

Corresponding Author: Felix Claverie-Martin, PhD, Unidad de Investigacion, Hospital Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, 38010 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain (Tel: +34 922 600546, Fax: +34 922 600562, Email: fclamar@gobiernodecanarias.org)

doi: 10.1007/s12519-014-0528-3

Online First November 2014.

Background: Familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is an autosomal recessive tubular disease caused by mutations in the CLDN16 or CLDN19 gene. Previous studies using microsatellite markers flanking the CLDN19 locus estimated that p.G20D (c.59G>A), a recurrent mutation in Spanish families, is a founder mutation. In the present study, we assessed the haplotype of Spanish patients using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).

Methods: Twenty-seven FHHNC patients were included in this study. We analyzed four SNPs located in CLDN19 introns 3 and 4 by polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequencing.

Results: Three new patients with homozygous p.G20D were identified. The SNP genotyping analysis showed that alleles carrying this mutation shared a common SNP haplotype.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest the existence of a founder effect responsible for FHHNC in our cohort. Testing for the presence of mutation p.G20D should be the first genetic screening in Spanish patients.

                                                                                                  World J Pediatr 2015;11(3):272-275

Key words: chronic kidney disease; founder effect; gene mutation; nephrocalcinosis

 

 
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