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Relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the pancreas after bone marrow transplant 
Relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the pancreas after bone marrow transplant
  Guang-Xian Wang, Jun-Lin Liao, Dong Zhang, Li Wen
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 7889 Times

Relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the pancreas is rare. We report a case of a 12-year­old boy who experienced a relapse of ALL in the pancreas after a bone marrow transplant.
Methods: Clinical data, including course of illness, laboratory results, and imaging studies are included. The patient presented with acute pancreatitis, suspected to be secondary to gallstones, with ampullary obstruction. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a distended gallbladder and intra- and extra-hepatic biliary dilatation with a cutoff at the pancreatic head, but with no evidence of gallstones.
Results: Ultrasound-guided biopsy of the pancreas revealed ALL in the pancreas. Systematic chemotherapy was recommended, but was declined by the parents. The patient died one week later.
Conclusion: Relapse of ALL in the pancreas is rare, but when a history of ALL is present, it should be considered in patients with pancreatic enlargement, obstructive jaundice, and pancreatitis.

Key words: acute lymphoblastic leukemia; leukemic infiltration; pancreas; relapse

World J Pediatr 2015;11(4):389-391

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