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Ambulatory clinical parameters and sleep respiratory events in a group of obese children unselected for respiratory problems 
 
Ambulatory clinical parameters and sleep respiratory events in a group of obese children unselected for respiratory problems
  Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Angelo Pietrobelli, Cristiano Fava, Giuseppe Lippi, Claudio Maffeis, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti, Sara Bonafini, Angela Tagetti, Franco Antoniazzi
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 102 Times
 
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea in children is frequently due to tonsil and adenoid hypertrophy. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ambulatory clinical parameters and sleep respiratory events in obese children.
Methods: We carried out a prospective respiratory sleep study between 2013 and 2015. Nails obstruction, tonsils enlargement and palate position were subjectively measured. Italian attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale for parents was also performed. The polygraph study was performed using a portable ambulatory device.
Results: Forty-four obese children were consecutively recruited into this study. Mild sleep respiratory disturbance was showed in 31.8% of patients; 18.2% previously had an adeno (tonsillectomy). In 50% of these obese children, both apnea-hypopnea index and oxygen desaturation index showed polygraph abnormal results. ADHD rating scale for parents scores were positive in 9.1% of patients.
Conclusions: We found a high rate of mild sleep respiratory disturbance and ADHD-like symptoms referred by parents. The respiratory disturbance was not totally cured by surgery. Finally, otorhinolaryngology variables were not able to explain mild sleep respiratory disturbance.
 
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