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Two novel mutations in the GAN gene causing giant axonal neuropathy 
 
Two novel mutations in the GAN gene causing giant axonal neuropathy
  Monica Irad Normendez-Mart¨ªnez, Lucero Monterde-Cruz, Roberto Mart¨ªnez, Magdalena Marquez-Harper, Nayelli Esquitin-Garduno, Margarita Valdes-Flores, Leonora Casas-Avila, Valeria Ponce de Leon-Suarez, Viktor Javier Romero-D¨ªaz, Alberto Hidalgo-Bravo
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 41 Times
 
Background: Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a rare neurodegenerative disease transmitted in an autosomal recessive mode. This disorder presents motor and sensitive symptoms with an onset in early childhood. Progressive neurodegeneration makes the patients wheelchair dependent by the end of the second decade of life. Affected individuals do not survive beyond the third decade of life. Molecular analysis has identifi ed mutations in the gene GAN in patients with this disorder. This gene produces a protein called gigaxonin which is presumably involved in protein degradation via the ubiquitin¨Cproteasome system. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not clearly understood yet.
Methods: Here we present the first patient from Mexico with clinical data suggesting GAN. Sequencing of the GAN gene was carried out. Changes in the nucleotide sequence were investigated for their possible impact on protein function and structure using the publicly available prediction tools PolyPhen-2 and PANTHER.
Results: The patient is a compound heterozygous carrying two novel mutations in the GAN gene. The sequence analysis revealed two missense mutations in the Kelch repeats domain. In one allele, a C>T transition was found in exon 9 at the nucleotide position 55393 (g.55393C>T). In the other allele, a transversion G>T in exon 11 at the nucleotide position 67471 (g.67471G>T) was observed. Both of the bioinformatic tools predicted that these amino acid substitutions would have a negative impact on gigaxonin's function.
Conclusion: This work provides useful information for health professionals and expands the spectrum of disease-causing mutations in the GAN gene and it is the first documented case in Mexican population.
 
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