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Clinical characteristics of two cohorts of infantile spasms: response to pyridoxine or topiramate monotherapy 
 
Clinical characteristics of two cohorts of infantile spasms: response to pyridoxine or topiramate monotherapy
  Jiao Xue, Ping Qian, Hui Li, Ye Wu, Hui Xiong, Yue-Hua Zhang, Zhi-Xian Yang
 [Abstract] [Full Text] [PDF]   Pageviews: 231 Times
 
Background: Infantile spasms (IS) was an epileptic disease with varied treatment widely among clinicians. Here, we aimed to compare and analyze the clinical characteristics of IS response to pyridoxine or topiramate monotherapy (TPM control IS).
Methods: The clinical manifestations, treatment processes and outcomes were analyzed in 11 pyridoxine responsive IS and 17 TPM-control IS.
Results: Of the 11 patients with pyridoxine responsive IS, nine were cryptogenic/idiopathic. Age of seizure onset was 5.36 ¡À 1.48 months. Spasms were controlled within a week in most of the patients. At the last follow-up, EEG returned to normal in 8. Psychomotor development was normal in 6, mild delay in 3, severe delay in 2. Of the 17 patients with TPM-control IS, 10 were cryptogenic/idiopathic. The age of seizure onset was 5.58 ¡À 2.09 months. All patients were controlled within a month. At the last follow-up, EEG was normal in 10. Psychomotor development was normal in 8, mild delay in 5, severe delay in 4. Genetic analysis did not show any meaningful results.
Conclusions: The clinical characteristics and disease courses of pyridoxine responsive IS and TPM-control IS were similar, which possibly clued for a same pathogenic mechanism. Pyridoxine should be tried first in all IS patients, even in symptomatic cases. If patients were not responsive to pyridoxine, TPM could be tried.
 
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World Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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